- 1. Oku Fon’s Palace
- 2. The Kilum Mountain – Mount Oku (3011m)
- 3. The Kilum Rainforest.
- 4. Lake Oku (Mawes)
- 5. Waterfalls at Tolon, Tankoh, Kedzen, Neghebliy, Emfve, Kenshing and Mbancham
- 6 Caves at Mbvek Yeafon, Mbvek Ngailai, Mbvek Tafon, Tingkol Mbvek Mawes, Kinake Mbvek, Efiane Ekak and Emfee
- 7 Shrines at Lumetu, Nkaa Kimbamboo, Nkaa Icham, Wochia shrine, Tingol and Tolon.
- 8. Oku Palace Museum
- 9. Oku Community Radio Station
- 10. Oku Area Cooperative Union Ltd.
- 11. Oku craft paper industry
- 12. Museums and craft shops
- 13. Beautiful valleys and hills
- 14. Traditional buildings with grass roofing
- 15 Families, food, people and local markets
MOUNT OKU (KILUM) AND THE RAIN FOREST.
Mount Kilum is the second highest peak in the whole of West Africa, at an elevation of 3,011 meters. It is forested with the last remnants of the Afro mountain trees species. This is an interesting site for hiking and camping where you will be exposed to endemic species of birds, fauna, flora and beautiful savanna, all within the pleasantly cool Oku climate.
Endemic tree species such as Carapa Grandiflora, Syzygium Staudtii, Solanecio Mannii, Dovyyalis sp Nov, Dombeya Iedermannii, Indian Bamboos, Voacanga Africana, and Schefflera Mannii can be found in the Kilum Mountain forest. Medicinal plants such as Prunus Africana, Lapodia, Plet Trantus, Gigalia Africana, Lectratus, and Papai Umbrelatum can also be found.
The vegetation at 2,800 meters consists mostly of Mbakilum ( Achemilla Fischeri), which is a silvery-leaved herb growing in large patches (carpets or clouds) from 5-20 cm2 endemic to Mount Oku. Other parts are covered with Black jack (Bidens Pilosa) and peace plant (Dracaena Deisteliana).
About 200 birds species are found on Mount Oku, with endemic species of Bannerman’s Turaco, Banded Wattled Eye, Black-crown Waxbill, Cameroon Olive Pigeon, and Bamenda Apallis. Come and have a taste of the famous Oku sadin (Oku Mouse shrew)!
LAKE OKU (MAWES).
Lake Oku is a crater lake formed in a side vent of Mount Kilum, the volcanic mountain. Overlooking the lake is a knoll named “Ndong mawes” (horn of Mawes). The diameter of the lake is approximately 1,500 meters and approximately 10.000m2. It is surrounded by a state nature reserve, The Kilum – Ijim Plant Life Sanctuary. It is a magnificent lake where many herbs highly regarded for their medicinal values can be collected.
Following it myth of creation, in Oku it is believed that a goddess called Ma, who was denied food, water and a haircut at Kejem Fondom, found these favors in Oku. In compensation for the hospitality of the Oku palace and people, and in punishment of the Kejem people, Ma drowns the Kejem, sparing only those who have given her food..
A dispute over ownership of the lake erupted between Ebkwo (Oku) and Kejem. In an attempt to break the stalemate between them, Ma accepted sacrifices from the Fon of Oku and slaughtered the Fon of Kejem after accepting his gifts. Today, the people of Oku offer yearly sacrifices to Ma, the renowned goddess of the lake and any newly crowned Fon of Oku must be presented to the goddess of the lake. She is the goddess of birth, fertility and increase in population and food. Thus the lake is called “Mawes” (our Ma).